Electrolyte losses through sweat and urine, and mental fatigue are inevitable during endurance activities lasting more than 3 hours, especially in hot/humid weather conditions. For such intense endeavors, like marathons, triathlons and ultras, ordinary sports drinks and water cannot compensate for the extensive electrolyte losses that your system will undergo. As part of your fueling strategy, Unived Caffeinated Electrolyte Salt Caps effectively replace these losses in a proportional and balanced manner, without shocking your system with an excessive or imbalanced portfolio of electrolytes. They will also aid mental alertness and focus. Unived Caffeinated Electrolyte Salt Caps complement your hydration source (water/ sports drink) perfectly in keeping hydration imbalances and mental fatigue at bay. With the Unived Caffeinated Electrolyte Salt Caps, you get a timely replenishment of electrolytes and caffeine boost.
With sodium, potassium and magnesium, Unived Caffeinated Electrolyte Salt Caps put your body on the right foot to fight dehydration, hyponatremia, muscle fatigue, cramps and weakness. Unived Caffeinated Electrolyte Salt Caps offer chloride, caffeine and vitamin D3 along with all the essential electrolytes to ultra-athletes in one formulation. As a key electrolyte, chloride complements sodium to maintain adequate fluid uptake and body-water balance. Vitamin D3 minimizes the risk of injuries by optimizing bone health, and protects the immune system from becoming vulnerable post-exercise. Caffeine provides the necessary ergogenic boost to keep your mind clear and alert.
Unived Caffeinated Electrolyte Salt Caps ensure that your system is instantaneously compensated for the loss of vital electrolytes, without experiencing spikes and drops in performance levels due to issues like muscle cramping, dehydration, stomach distress, and fatigue. They also shield your body against lasting physiological upheavals caused, by delivering adequate levels of nutrients that support a complete system recovery, while giving a boost of energy.
UNIVED CAFFEINATED SALT CAPS PROFILE
Stay alert with a natural ergogenic booster
Anhydrous Caffeine (30mg per capsule)
Competing in ultra distance races can be very taxing on the mind, and demands lots of mental strength. Research has established that there is a link to increased alertness and concentration when consuming caffeine.
Caffeine is a natural ergogenic athletic performance booster . Consuming caffeine during endurance sports like running and cycling  increases performance by increasing blood flow to the heart and muscles, while also enhancing mental focus.
Endurance athletes undergoing exhaustive exercise that requires sustained focus, research has shown that caffeine can act to enhance alertness and vigilance. Due to caffeine’s lipid solubility it crosses the blood-brain barrier without difficulty making the central nervous system (CNS) as one of the primary sites of action [3,4]. Its antagonist action on adenosine during extended exhaustive exercise has demonstrated its effect on increasing alertness and cognitive function, while decreasing fatigue. Caffeine is an effective ergonomic aid for individuals undergoing endurance activities and extended periods of sleep deprivation benefiting athletes both physically and cognitively . Unived Caffeinated Salt Caps offer 30mg of anhydrous caffeine per serving.
Essential electrolytes for re-hydration
Sodium (213mg per capsule)
Each serving of Unived Caffeinated Electrolyte Salt Caps offers 213mg of sodium, the major electrolyte that is found in the extracellular fluid (the fluid outside of your cells). This electrolyte is essential to the transport of nutrients that are necessary for energy production in the cells. Sodium also plays a part in facilitating muscle contraction and the transmission of nerve impulses to the muscle, making it one of the most essential electrolytes from a sports performance perspective.
Potassium (63mg per capsule)
Each capsule of Unived Caffeinated Salt Caps, replenishes you with 63mg of potassium. Potassium is an intracellular electrolyte (found inside the cells), and is stored in the muscles along with glycogen. It is also an important mediator of nerve impulses to the muscles. To power your endurance activity, your muscle glycogen is broken to release energy. As a result, you are rapidly losing the potassium present in your cells throughout the duration of your activity.
Chloride (358mg per capsule)
Unived Caffeinated Salt Caps offer chloride supplementation for endurance athletes, with 358mg of chloride per capsule.
Like sodium, chloride is an extracellular electrolyte found in the fluid environment outside cells. Chloride works in conjunction with sodium, to regulate body-water balance, and to ferry electrical impulses to muscles during your activity. Complementary levels of chloride and sodium are essential to maintain beneficial hydration levels. If sodium losses are replaced without a corresponding rise in chloride levels, electrolyte levels can go haywire and have a domino effect on your overall hydration status.
Magnesium (79mg per capsule)
Unived Caffeinated Salt Caps provide your body with 79mg of magnesium, an indispensable part of any modern athlete’s fueling arsenal.
This electrolyte is the veritable powerhouse of your cells, with the largest concentrations of magnesium being found in the bones and muscles. What makes magnesium important from a sports performance perspective is its central role in energy production.
Run better and recover with an essential vitamin
Vitamin D3 (2.5 mcg (100 I.U.) per capsule)
Niggling injuries and chronic bone deficiencies are worryingly common among endurance athletes logging in high mileages – the key to eliminating these issues could be vitamin D3, an often overlooked nutrient in sports nutrition.
Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin associated with several important functions of the skeletomuscular, immune, heart, brain and dental systems. Vitamin D3 is naturally synthesized by the skin under sunlight, however, many are found to be vitamin D3 deficient due to insufficient timely exposure to sunlight.
Athletes, particularly endurance athletes, have greater vitamin D3 needs than the general population. Athletes undergoing a training regimen involving high mileage can be at the risk of compromised bone health and higher risk of injury. Scientific studies have established that vitamin D3 is a major factor in optimizing bone health in athletes, and preventing injuries by minimizing stress factors. Vitamin D3 has also been found to be effective in regulating the electrolyte metabolism, and contributes towards attaining euhydration – a state where the body is in an optimal state of hydration during exercise.
Vitamin D3 is also an important factor in promoting protein synthesis after exercise, which assists in faster muscle recovery and rebuilding.
Each serving of Unived Caffeinated Electrolyte Salt Caps contains 100 I.U. of highly bio-available vitamin D3. The vitamin D3 in Unived Caffeinated Salt Caps is derived from lichens, the only organic, plant-based and vegan approved source of vitamin D3 available, for enhanced bio-availability.
The intake of electrolytes depends a great deal on your sweat rate and the external weather conditions during your endurance activity. However, below is a general guideline to help you customize your electrolyte plan:
Light: very little sweat (think working out in an air conditioned gym)
Moderate: decent amount of sweat (think of the amount you sweat during a easy training run)
Heavy: you’re sweating! (during LSD training runs, faster runs, and races)
The Unived Caffeinated Salt Caps strictly adhere to the WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) guidelines, and do not contain any banned substances. However, please note that WADA does not offer any certification, or confirmation (written or otherwise) of the same.
1. Salt and the ultra endurance athlete, SportsMed Web, http://www.rice.edu/~jenky/sports/salt.html.
2. Dale et al., Oral Salt Supplementation During Ultradistance Exercise, Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, September 2002 – Volume 12 – Issue 5 – pp 279-284.
3. Noakes et al., Sodium replacement and fluid shifts during prolonged exercise in humans, European Journal of Applied Physiology, May 2001, Volume 84, Issue 5, pp 419-425.
4. Afonin et al., Potassium loading effect on potassium balance in athletes during prolonged restriction of muscular activity, Biological Trace Element Research, October 1999, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp 1-19
5. Bohla & Volpea , Magnesium and Exercise, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, Volume 42, Issue 6, 2002, pages 533-563.
6. Hamilton, Vitamin D and Athletic Performance: The Potential Role of Muscle, Asian J Sports Med. 2011 Dec; 2(4): 211–219.
7. Hyponatremia and Exercise, Part 2 – Mechanisms, http://www.rice.edu/~jenky/sports/hyponatremia.html.
8. Noakes et al., Hyponatremia in ultradistance triathletes, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise [1999, 31(6):809-815.
9. Maughan & Shirreffs, Recovery from prolonged exercise: Restoration of water and electrolyte balance, Journal of Sports Sciences, Volume 15, Issue 3, 1997.